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The simple way to build a complex Safety Interlock System that uses no software
Lasermet's Safety Logic Plus is a simple but cost effective and safe concept whereby the logic configuration required for a safety interlock system is hard wired in a single logic enclosure.
The system uses modules that receive inputs from all of the interlock switches individually from the building that has the laser facility.
This enclosure contains all of the logic functions for the safety interlock. It is set to arm the laser via the Lasermet Interlock Controller
when all of the safe conditions have been met: this includes self-checking.
|Typical existing complex wiring||Simplified diagram using Safety Logic Plus|
The above diagram shows the typical complexity and subsequent simplification of circuitry as pictorial representations only. Some of the 32 connections in the complex diagram are wired together so that ultimately the same number of inputs and outputs feature on each diagram.
The laser will not arm until all circuits are checked on both channels and all conditions are satisfied including self-checking.
Obsolescence is virtually eliminated because there is:
Costs are reduced because:
Benefits of Safety Logic Plus
Background to the requirement for Safety Logic Plus
Conventional simple interlock systems comprise a number of door contacts which are connected in series to form a safety loop. This is fed back to Lasermet's interlock controller.
However, with more powerful lasers and greater numbers of them, it is even now more important that laser safety interlocks are cost effectively installed, and that their logic can be easily understood, maintained and updated, especially when there are additional lasers or changes to the facility.
Modern interlock systems now often need to be configurable to provide multiple modes of operation and varying areas of coverage. Implementing such systems using point-to-point wiring between the various door contacts and controls within a building presents significant challenges for installation, test and fault-finding, which in turn increases the cost of installation and maintenance.
The Lasermet Solution
To address this need Lasermet introduced the Safety Logic Plus concept, which is a non-processor based fail-safe logic system that provides all the logical functions of the interlock system in a single enclosure. All that is required is to wire each door contact and other controls on individual cables to Safety Logic Plus. The logic function of the system is carried out by interconnecting the internal logic modules according to the logic diagram. This can be wired by a competent electrician.
Simplicity and safety through hard wired logic
The wiring system can be simplified by working out the basic logic using AND and OR gate modules. All of the components are basic electrical components such as hard wired jumper type connectors, relays and LEDs.
Safety through design
The relay-based logic gates are connected using jumper leads to provide the logic function. Every module can be checked easily as it has its own LED. A cross checking function is applied to every module so that if it fails, or if there is no input to it, the laser will not arm. Double safety circuits are used throughout the system.
Virtual elimination of obsolescence
This logic system eliminates the obsolescence problems which have already become apparent with PLC based systems, which are dependent on interface standards and operating systems that rapidly go out-of-date. No programming languages are needed, no software or computer with its operating system is required and therefore it is highly unlikely to go obsolete.
Safety Logic Plus eliminates a range of problems through its fail-safe design. All wires are fed from all remote door locks or switches directly back to the enclosure where the logical functions are determined.
Changes easily made
The design is such that any competent engineer who can follow the wiring diagram is able to check, test, modify or replace any modules or wiring. He does not require any diagnostic software, programming skills, any specific operating systems or other potentially obsolete test equipment. The system can be adapted, upgraded and modified at one point within Safety Logic Plus.
Safety Logic Plus addresses many issues:
Simplified example scenario
The diagram to the right shows a simple laser lab arrangement with 5 access doors. For a minimum safe situation doors 2 and 3 must be closed or doors 3,4 and 5 need to be closed.
A typical interlock system using the building infrastructure to separate and run the minimum number of cables is represented here.
Safety Logic Plus (below) receives direct inputs from every interlock switch.
The safety logic can then easily be followed for each remote switch. If there are any changes then these can be carried out within Safety Logic Plus without having to trace and rewire and disrupt any of the building.